Girls from socio-economically marginalized communities are still falling prey to Devadasi practice, a long-standing tradition of dedicating prepubescent/pubescent girls as Devadasis (slaves of god), who are thereafter commercially sexually exploited for the rest of their lives. The study attempts to identify the gaps in the current legislations prohibiting dedication besides examining the application of legislations and schemes.
The Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2018 puts the spotlight on human trafficking in armed conflict. The report indicates that the overall number of reported trafficking victims has increased. This might mean that more people are being trafficked, but also that national capacities to detect this crime and identify victims are improving in some countries. Increases in trafficking convictions have been recorded in Asia, the Americas, Africa and the Middle East.
The benefits and detriments of Sex Offender Registries and notification
systems — collectively called ‘SORNs’ — are heavily discussed among academic discourse globally. Such registries differ in their operation and implementation across jurisdictions, and there is a large variance in accessibility and community notification. The report, on behalf of HAQ, discusses the statistical effectiveness of SORNs, and addresses its economic, social and legal impacts.
In India, crimes against children have been on the rise. Besides, there has been decrease in the conviction. There is an increasing fear of re-victimization and of cases being unheard. Traditional courts of law in India are not created with an eye for the special developmental needs of children. This Standard Operating Procedure attempts to facilitate as a reference material for judicial officers and prosecutors on child-friendly procedures in cases of child abuse.
The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015, aims at ensuring that children, who have allegedly committed an offence or found to have committed an offence, receive care, protection, treatment and rehabilitation. This is to ensure that all their rights are protected at every stage of apprehending, inquiry, aftercare and rehabilitation. The document provides information to enable monitoring of the rights of such children in observation homes.
This book is an attempt to compile various Indian and international definitions, legislations, jurisprudence and case laws on trafficking to help NGOs and human rights activists understand and deal with the issue. Human Rights Law Network while working extensively on human rights violations, women’s justice and child protection established the linkages between trafficking, gender violence and child abuse. It collates case laws on different forms of trafficking.
The 2018 Trafficking in Persons Report is an essential State Department tool used to highlight where modern slavery thrives and the specific steps each government can take to protect victims of human trafficking, prevent trafficking crimes, and prosecute traffickers in the United States and around the world.
The ‘Global Collaboration Against Human Trafficking Report: Fourteen Essential Principles for working with Human Trafficking Victims’ is a collaborative effort of 10 service providers. The 14 Principles of Practice (PoPs) outlined in this brief are essential to supporting trafficking survivors, regardless of an organization’s mission and approach.
The 2017 report ‘Global Estimates of Modern Slavery’ by the International Labour Organization (ILO) and Walk Free Foundation (WFF) focuses on two main issues: forced labour and forced marriage. The estimate of forced labour comprises forced labour in the private economy, forced sexual exploitation of adults and commercial sexual exploitation of children, and state-imposed forced labour.
The 2016 edition of the ‘Global Report on Trafficking in Persons’ by UNODC investigates how migrants and refugees can be vulnerable to trafficking in persons en route or at destination. This focus complements the findings of previous editions, which have looked at socio-economic factors and the role of transnational organized criminal groups in trafficking in persons.
The South Asia report ‘Children in Labour and Employment’ by International Labour Office, provides an overview and insight into the nature and extent of child labour and children’s employment and educational marginalisation in the South Asian countries and region. It further highlights gaps in national statistical surveys and inconsistencies across countries, which limit the scope of the findings and analyses.
The report ‘Summary of Regional and Subregional Structures and Initiatives to Counter Trafficking in Persons’ is based on submissions received from regional mechanisms in response to questionnaire of the UN Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in persons, especially Women and Children, the Special Rapporteur’s 2010 report to the Human Rights Council and more recent submissions.
This comprehensive manual highlights the issues of a neglected segment of vulnerable among the vulnerable – ‘women in shelter homes’. It has been observed that the understanding of psycho-social care has been very limited in these shelter homes. This manual aims to address this lacuna, enables the care givers of the shelter homes to understand the needs of the women and gives them an insight into the spectrum of psycho-social interventions.
The report ‘Working Against Trafficking Through Multilateral System – A Study of Coordination between UN Agencies at Global, Regional and National Levels’ commissioned by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs aims to analyse the coordination among various UN Agencies working to stop trafficking in persons. The report attempts to review the collaborative experiences of the organizations and identify the weaknesses, suggesting areas for action.
Human trafficking is a crime in which the victim faces continuous and multiple crimes at all stages. The victim suffers physically, psychologically and economically. There is a huge knowledge gap which exists about issues related to trafficking and the laws relating to it. National Human Rights Commission, in its Standard Operating Procedure, highlights this knowledge gap, and the mechanisms for prevention, rescue, investigation and rehabilitation in cases of trafficking.