Traditionally, the practice of slavery was understood in a limited manner, as operating at the farm and later at the small factories’ levels where the master/owner – slave contact was direct. With industrialization and globalization of goods and services, the owner – slave direct contact and interaction have become hazy. The process of producing the final product from a variety of capital goods and other raw materials and the procuration of the raw material itself has become very remote and complex. In this often long stretched production line, at one end we find the extremely refined outlets selling refined products, while on the other end there is a large number of human beings. This is the supply chain.
The world is now awakening to the shameful reality that some of the high end and refined products are often a result of extreme exploitation of labour working in an informal, often subhuman conditions. Mining of mica for cosmetics, production and harvesting of cocoa for chocolate industry, brick making for construction industry, electronic spare parts and their assembly for high end electronic goods are some examples of the supply chain exploitation. The increasing reports on this front indicate an alarming situation of trafficking of persons for exploiting them in the supply chain.